Environmental Compliance Update – April 2010

Environmental Compliance Update
April 2010
Additions to the   Environmental Compliance Portfolio
During March 2010,   over 100 pages   of analysis and other materials were added to the
Environmental Compliance Portfolio   under the following topics:
Air Quality Compliance,
Hazardous Waste Compliance,
Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance, and
Business and the Environment (sustainable development and climate change).

Air Quality Compliance Materials and Tools
March 2010 additions to the   Air Quality Compliance   module included:
Four new regulatory analysis articles were added, along with supporting   Federal
Register   documents.
Two new case summaries were added, along with associated court decisions.
HOT TOPICS   include:
New Air Quality Standard for Nitrogen Dioxide—  On February 9, 2010 (75   FR
6474–6537), EPA issued a new short-term national ambient air quality standard
(NAAQS) for nitrogen dioxide (NO ). The final rule establishes a new primary   2
one-hour NO  standard at a level of 100 ppb. The new primary ambient air quality   2
standard is intended to protect against health effects associated with short-term
exposures to NO , which are generally highest on or near major roads. Short-  2
term NO  exposures are associated with a variety of adverse respiratory effects,   2
including  increased  asthma  symptoms,  worsened  control  of  asthma,  and  an
increase in respiratory illnesses and symptoms. The final rule  also retains the
current  NO   NAAQS  of  53  ppb  as  an  annual  average.  See   2  New  Short-Term
National Ambient Air Quality Standard for NO  Issued  2  .
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Hazardous Waste Compliance Materials and Tools
March 2010 additions to the   Hazardous Waste Compliance   module included:
Seven  new  regulatory  analysis  articles  were  added,  along  with  supporting
Federal Register   documents.
Two  new  case  summaries  were  added,  along  with  the  associated  court
decisions.
Volume  28,  Issue  2  of  the   Hazardous  Waste  Consultant    was  added.  A
printable/downloadable version of this issue is available to Internet subscribers at
Environmental Compliance > Hazardous Waste Compliance > Hazardous Waste
Regulatory Analysis Articles > Hazardous Waste Consultant Archive >  .
HOT TOPICS   include:
Cleanup Goals for Dioxins in Soil  —  On January 7, 2010 (75   FR   984), EPA
issued  draft  recommended  interim  preliminary  remediation  goals  (PRGs)  for
dioxin in soil at CERCLA and RCRA sites. The draft PRGs were developed by
EPA’s Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response using existing, peer
reviewed  toxicity  values  and  current  EPA  equations  and  default  exposure
assumptions.  The  agency  also  announced  the availability  of  a  draft  guidance
documententitled?DraftRecommendedInterimPreliminaryRemediationGoals
for  Dioxin  in  Soil  at  Comprehensive  Environmental  Response,  Compensation,
and  Liability  Act  (CERCLA)  and  Resource  Conservation  and  Recovery  Act
(RCRA)Sites.? See   Draft Interim Remediation Goals for Dioxin in Soils Issued for
Public Comment  .
TRI  Reporting  for  Hydrogen  Sulfide  —  Hydrogen  sulfide  was  added  to  the
EPCRA Section 313 list of toxic chemicals subject to toxics release inventory
(TRI) reporting on December 1, 1993 (58   FR   63500). Subsequently, members of
theregulatedcommunitychallengedEPA’s decision to list the substance and, on
August  22,  1994  (59   FR    43048),  the  agency  stayed  the  TRI  reporting
requirements for the chemical until the issues were resolved. Based on further
evaluation,  EPA  has  determined  that  hydrogen  sulfide  can  reasonably  be
anticipated to cause chronic human health effects and ecotoxicity. Accordingly,
on February 26, 2010 (75   FR   8889), the agency announced that it is considering
lifting the TRI administrative stay for hydrogen sulfide. See   EPA Proposes Lifting
Administrative Stay of TRI Reporting for Hydrogen Sulfide  .

Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance Materials and Tools
March  2010  additions  to  the   Wastewater  and  Water  Quality  Compliance    module
included:
One new regulatory analysis article was added, along with supporting   Federal
Register   documents.
Eight  decisions  by EPA’s Environmental Appeals Board were  added.  The
decisions are available at   Environmental Compliance > Wastewater and Water
Quality Compliance > Court Decisions > Miscellaneous Courts >  .
Four  EPA  guidance  documents  were  added  to   Environmental  Compliance  >
Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance > Wastewater Guidance Document
Collection >  .
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Seven EPA guidance documents were added to   Environmental Compliance >
Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance > Water Quality Guidance Document
Collection >  .
HOT TOPICS   include:
NPDES Permitting of Vessel Discharges  —On March 8, 2010 (75   FR   10477–
10479), EPA announced the availability of a draft report to Congress on the types
of discharges that occur from commercial fishing vessels and non-recreational
vessels <79 feet in length. The report to Congress is required by Pub. L. 110 299
(July 31, 2008), which provided such vessels with a two-year moratorium from
obtaining  a  permit  under  the  National  Pollutant  Discharge  Elimination  System
(NPDES).  If  the  moratorium  is  allowed  to  expire,  EPA  estimates  that  nearly
140,000 vessels would become subject to NPDES permitting requirements. In its
report, EPA indicates that the discharges with the greatest potential to impact
surface  water  quality  include  deck  washdown,  fish  hold  effluent,  graywater,
bilgewater,  and  marine  engine  effluent.  However,  the  report  concludes  that
incidental  discharges  from  commercial  fishing  vessels  and  non-recreational
vessels <79 feet in length are not likely to solely cause an exceedance of water
quality criteria in a relatively large water body. See   EPA Issues Draft Report to
Congress on Vessel Discharges  .

Business and the Environment
The  March  2010  issue  of  the   Business  and  the  Environment    newsletter  included
nine stories on   sustainable development   and three stories on recent   climate change
developments  .
HOT TOPICS   include:
Wastewater  Utility  Achieves  EMS  Milestone  —  The  Lowell  Regional
Wastewater  Utility  (Lowell  Massachusetts,  USA)  was  recently  honored  for  its
achievements  on  the  occasion  of  the  10th  anniversary  of  its  ISO  14001
Environmental Management System (EMS). US Congresswoman Niki Tsongas
presented  the  utility  a  Congressional  Citation.  She  praised  both management
and  staff  for  their  continuing  efforts  to  sustain  an  effectively  functioning
wastewater  treatment  facility,  while  implementing  innovative  measures  that
simultaneously  reduce  waste  and  save  money  for  the  taxpayers.  See
Wastewater Utility Achieves a Milestone.

Go to   http://hr.cch.com/environmental/   for more information on the   Environmental
Compliance Portfolio  .

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Analysis and other materials added to the   Environmental
Compliance Portfolio   in March 2010

Air Quality Compliance Materials and Tools
Analysis of Major Air Quality Compliance Issues

NAAQS

New Short-Term National Ambient Air Quality Standard for NO  Issued   2
On  February  9,  2010  (75   FR    6474–6537),  EPA  issued  a  new  short-term  national
ambient  air  quality  standard  (NAAQS)  for  nitrogen  dioxide  (NO ).  The  final  rule   2
establishes  a  new  primary  one-hour  NO   standard  at  a  level  of  100  ppb.  The  new   2
primary  ambient  air  quality  standard  is  intended  to  protect  against  health  effects
associated with short-term exposures to NO , which are generally highest on or near   2
major  roads.  Short-term  NO   exposures  are  associated  with  a  variety  of  adverse   2
respiratory effects, including increased asthma symptoms, worsened control of asthma,
and an increase in respiratory illnesses and symptoms. The final rule also retains the
current NO  NAAQS of 53 ppb as an annual average.    2
Air Quality Regulatory Analysis Articles

NSPS/Emission Guidelines

EPA Announces 14 New Alternatives to Standard Test Methods
On February 22, 2010 (75   FR   7593–7596), EPA announced its approval of 14 broadly
applicable  alternatives  to  standard  test  methods.  Owners/operators  can  voluntarily
choose to use the alternatives without further site- or facility-specific approval from the
agency.  The  February  22,  2010  notice  identifies  broadly  applicable  alternative  test
method approval decisions issued between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2009.

Other Issues

SEC Issues Guidance on Disclosures Regarding Climate Change Impacts
On January 27, 2010, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted
interpretive  guidance  addressing  how  existing  SEC  disclosure  requirements  apply  to
business or legal developments relating to climate change. The SEC indicates that, for
some companies, legislative, regulatory, or other developments could have a significant
effect on operating and financial decisions, including those involving capital expenditures
to  reduce  emissions.  For  companies  subject  to  cap-and-trade  laws,  disclosure
requirements may apply to expenses related to purchasing allowances when reduction
targets cannot be met. Existing federal securities laws and SEC regulations may require
a company to disclose the impact that such developments may have on their business.
The SEC’s interpretive guidance was published in the   Federal Register   on February 8,
2010 (75   FR   6290–6297).

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Consideration  of  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions  and  Climate  Change  in  NEPA
Assessments
On  February  18,  2010,  the  Council  on  Environmental  Quality  (CEQ)  issued  draft
guidance on the ways federal agencies can improve their consideration of the effects of
greenhouse  gas  emissions  and  climate  change  when  evaluating  proposed  federal
actions  under  the  National  Environmental  Policy  Act  (NEPA).  The  draft  guidance
proposes a presumptive threshold of 25,000 metric tons per year (tpy) of carbon dioxide
equivalent (CO e) emissions from the proposed action to trigger the consideration of a   2
quantitative  and  qualitative  impact  analysis.  In  addition,  the  draft  guidance  provides
suggestions on how the effects of climate change might be taken into consideration in
NEPAassessments.TheCEQ’sdraftguidancewasannouncedinthe  Federal Register
on February 23, 2010 (75   FR   8046).
Reviews of Court Decisions and Consent Decrees

Court  Rejects  Challenge  to  Incorporating  Fleet  Average  Emission  Standards
Into SIPs
In a December 11, 2009 decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
Circuit rejected a challenge to incorporating fleet average emission standards into state
implementation plans (SIPs) (  AmericanRoadandTransportationBuildersAss’nvEPA  ,
No. 08-1381[D.C.Cir.Dec.11,2009]).ThecaseinvolvesEPA’sinterpretationofthe
prohibition  in  CAA  Section  209(e),  under  which  states  are  generally  precluded  from
issuing their own emission standards for motor vehicles. California is allowed to seek a
preemption  waiver,  and  other  states may  adopt  California  standards  if  a  preemption
waiver is granted. In the case, a trade organization argued that fleet average emission
standards in various states should be prohibited under Section 209(e). However, the
federal appeals court found the challenge to be time barred because the policy being
challenged was essentially an EPA interpretation of the statute made in 1994.

Digester Expansion Program Does Not Qualify for NSR Pollution Control Project
Exclusion
In  a  December  3,  2009  decision,  the  U.S.  District  Court  for  the  District  of  Maryland
determined  that  a  digester  expansion  program  at  a  paper  mill  did  not  qualify  for
exclusion from new source review (NSR) permitting as a pollution control project (  United
States v. Westvaco Corporation  , No. 00-2602 [D. Md. Dec. 3, 2009]). In the case, the
company  contended  that  modifications  to  power  boilers  at  the  mill  were  part  of  the
digester  expansion  program,  and  were  also  excluded  from  NSR  permitting.  In  the
December 3, 2009 memorandum of decision, the district court found that the purpose of
Westvaco’sdigesterexpansionprogramwasnotapollutioncontrolproject.Whileadding
digesters and routing non-condensablegasestothemill’spowerboilersmayhavebeen
environmentally beneficial, the intended purpose of the projects at issue was to increase
production at the mill. As such, the projects did not qualify for an exclusion as a pollution
control project.
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Hazardous Waste Compliance Materials and Tools

Analysis of Major Hazardous Waste Issues

Guidance, Reports, Policy, Programs

Recent State Guidance for Hazardous Waste Programs
Under RCRA, EPA may delegate authority to the states to administer and enforce the
hazardous waste program, in lieu ofEPA.Astate’shazardouswasteprogrammustbe
equivalent to, and at least as stringent as, the federal program. Some state programs
may  be  more  stringent  than  the  federal  RCRA  program.  For  example,  states  may
regulate certain substances as hazardous wastes that are not considered hazardous
under the federal program. This article provides a synopsis of guidance documents that
were  recently  made  available  by  state  hazardous  waste  agencies  in  the  following
11 states: 1) Arizona, 2) Florida, 3) Illinois, 4) Indiana, 5) Kansas, 6) Maine, 7) Maryland,
8) Massachusetts, 9) Missouri, 10) Tennessee, and 11) Wisconsin.

Hazardous Waste Regulatory Analysis Articles

CERCLA

Draft Interim Remediation Goals for Dioxin in Soils Issued for Public Comment
On January 7, 2010 (75   FR   984), EPA issued draft recommended interim preliminary
remediation goals (PRGs) for dioxin in soil at CERCLA and RCRA sites. The draft PRGs
were  developed by EPA’s Office  of  Solid  Waste  and  Emergency  Response  using
existing, peer reviewed toxicity values and current EPA equations and default exposure
assumptions. The agency also announced the availability of a draft guidance document
entitled?DraftRecommendedInterimPreliminary Remediation Goals for Dioxin in Soil at
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)Sites.?

OIG Issues FY 2009 Superfund Report
Under the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, the EPA Office of
Inspector General (OIG) is required to annually audit the Superfund program and report
to Congress on the audit results. The results of the FY 2009 audit were reported to
Congress in February 2010 in a report titled   Annual Superfund Report to Congress for
Fiscal Year 2009   (EPA-350-R-10-001). The report focuses on the hazardous substance
Superfund Trust Fund, remedial action decision making, response claims and contract
reviews, performance reviews, and investigative activity.

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

EPA Proposes Lifting Administrative Stay of TRI Reporting for Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen sulfide was added to the EPCRA Section 313 list of toxic chemicals subject to
toxics  release  inventory  (TRI)  reporting  on  December  1,  1993  (58   FR    63500).
Subsequently, membersoftheregulatedcommunitychallengedEPA’s decision to list
the  substance and,  on  August  22,  1994  (59   FR   43048),  the  agency  stayed  the  TRI
reporting requirements for the chemical until the issues were resolved. Based on further
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evaluation, EPA has determined that hydrogen sulfide can reasonably be anticipated to
cause chronic human health effects and ecotoxicity. Accordingly, on February 26, 2010
(75   FR   8889), the agency announced that it is considering lifting the TRI administrative
stay for hydrogen sulfide.

Enforcement

FY 2009 Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Results Published
EPA recently released data on its enforcement and compliance assurance results for
fiscal year (FY) 2009. EPA secured legal commitments that the agency estimates will
result in the reduction, treatment, or proper management of 580 million lbs of pollutants.
Criminal  enforcement  actions  completed  in  FY  2009  sentenced  defendants  to  serve
76 years in jail and assessed $96 million in fines and restitution. In addition, 780 million
lbs of hazardous waste were treated, minimized, or properly disposed; and responsible
parties will reimburse $371 million to the Superfund, the highest cost recovery total ever
for the Superfund program.

Guidance, Reports, Policy, Programs

Unified  Guidance  Provides  Framework  for  Statistical  Analysis  of  Groundwater
Monitoring Data
Under  RCRA,  land  disposal  facilities  are  subject  to  groundwater  monitoring
requirements.  These  requirements  are  promulgated  in  40   CFR    Part  264  for  RCRA
Subtitle  C  permitted  facilities,  Part  265  for  Subtitle  C  interim  status  facilities,  and
Part 258  for  Subtitle  D  municipal  and  industrial  waste  facilities.  In  March 2009,  EPA
issued a document titled?Statistical Analysis of Groundwater Monitoring Data at RCRA
Facilities—UnifiedGuidance.?TheUnified Guidance is designed to help EPA regions,
states, and the regulated community comply with these RCRA groundwater monitoring
regulations.

Laboratories

Managing Hazardous Waste at Academic Laboratories
EPA  finalized  alternate  RCRA  Subtitle  C  generator  standards  for ?eligible academic
entities?onDecember1,2008(73  FR   72912). The Academic Lab Rule was promulgated
in a new Subpart K to 40   CFR   Part 262. Subpart K is applicable to eligible academic
entities,  which  are  colleges  and  universities,  and  teaching  hospitals  and  nonprofit
research institutes that are either owned by, or are formally affiliated with, a college or
university. The standards govern the management of ?unwantedmaterials,?whichare
materials  that  are  no  longer  needed,  wanted,  or  usable  in  the  laboratory.  Eligible
academic entities may also choose not to opt into the new rule and remain subject to the
pre-existing hazardous waste generator requirements. This article provides information
from several guidance materials that EPA has issued to help entities understand, and
comply with, the Academic Lab Rule.
Reviews of Court Decisions and Consent Decrees

EPA to Receive $1 Billion From the Largest Environmental Bankruptcy in History
EPA, other federal agencies, and states will receive more than $1.79 billion to address
environmental contamination at more than 80 sites in 20 states through the resolution of
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the American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO) bankruptcy. EPA is receiving
approximately $1 billion toward future cleanup of Superfund sites, making it the largest
bankruptcy  settlement  ever  for  the  agency.  The  amounts  represent  full  payment  of
EPA’s claims, plus  interest. Of EPA’s total  amount,  $436 million  is  a  cash  payment
toward future cleanup costs at the Bunker Hill & Metallurgical Complex in Idaho. This
representsthelargest?cashout?amount ever for the Superfund enforcement program.

Bankruptcy Court Lacks Jurisdiction to Add Montana to W.R. Grace Injunction
On December 31, 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirmed a lower
court’s ruling that a bankruptcy  court  lacked  jurisdiction  to  expand  a  preliminary
injunction  to  shelter  other  parties  (  In  re:  W.R.  Grace  &  Co.  v.  Margaret  Chakarian  ,
No. 08-3697/3720 [3d Cir. Dec. 31, 2009]). W.R. Grace & Co. and the state of Montana
appealedadistrictcourt’s affirmationofabankruptcycourt’sdenialofGrace’smotionto
expand  a preliminary  injunction  to  shelter  Montana  from  claims  arising from Grace’s
mining operations. However, the appeals court agreed with the district court, and held
that  the  bankruptcy  court  lacked jurisdiction  over  a  third-party  lawsuit,  if  that  lawsuit
would  affect  the  bankruptcy  proceeding  only  through  the  intervention  of  yet  another
lawsuit.

Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance Materials and Tools
Analysis of Major Wastewater and Water Quality Compliance Issues

Wastewater

EPA Issues Draft Report to Congress on Vessel Discharges
On March  8, 2010 (75   FR   10477–10479), EPA announced the availability of a draft
report  to  Congress  on  the  types  of  discharges  that  occur  from  commercial  fishing
vessels  and  non-recreational  vessels  <79  feet  in  length.  The  report  to  Congress  is
required by Pub. L. 110 299 (July 31, 2008), which provided such vessels with a two-
year  moratorium  from  obtaining  a  permit  under  the  National  Pollutant  Discharge
Elimination System (NPDES). If the moratorium is allowed to expire, EPA estimates that
nearly 140,000 vessels would become subject to NPDES permitting requirements. In its
report, EPA indicates that the discharges with the greatest potential to impact surface
water  quality  include  deck  washdown,  fish  hold  effluent,  graywater,  bilgewater,  and
marine engine effluent. However, the report concludes that incidental discharges from
commercial fishing vessels and non-recreational vessels <79 feet in length are not likely
to solely cause an exceedance of water quality criteria in a relatively large water body.

Court Decisions

The following court decisions were added in March 2010:

In re: City of Attleboro, MA Wastewater Treatment Plant,   NPDES Appeal No. 08-
08  (EPA  Sept.  15,  2009) EPA’s Environmental  Appeals  Board  upholds   —
nitrogen,  phosphorus,  and  metal  effluent  limits  in  an  NPDES  permit  for  a
wastewater treatment plant.
In  re:  Chukchansi  Gold  Resort  and  Casino  Waste  Water  Treatment  Plant,
NPDES  Appeal  Nos.  08-02,  08-03,  08-04,  and  08-05  (EPA  Jan.  14,  2009)  —
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Environmental Appeals Board upholds NPDES permit for a wastewater treatment
plant, except for certain permit conditions relating to monitoring for total coliform
organisms and turbity.
In  re:  Service  Oil,  Inc.,    CWA  Appeal  No.  07-02  (EPA  July  23,  2008)  —
Environmental  Appeals  Board  upholds  penalties  for  storm  water  permitting
violations.
In re: District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority,   NPDES Appeal Nos. 05-
02,  07-10,  07-11,  and  07-12  (EPA  Mar.  19,  2008)—Environmental  Appeals
Board remands NPDES permit for a wastewater treatment plant, requiring that
compliance schedules be includedintheplant’s long-term control plan.
In re: Dominion Energy Brayton Point, L.L.C.,   NPDES Appeal No. 07-01 (EPA
Sept. 27, 2007)— Environmental Appeals Board upholds final NPDES permit for
Brayton  Point  Station,  including  thermal  discharge  limits  that  will  effectively
require the power plant to be retrofitted with closed-cycle cooling systems.
In re: J. Phillip Adams,   CWA Appeal No. 06-06 (EPA June 29, 2007)—In this
decision, the Environmental Appeals Board remanded a decision dismissing an
administrative  enforcement  action  for  placing  dredged  or  fill  material  into
wetlands without a permit. The board held that the ?farm road? exemption in CWA
Section 404(f)(1)(E) is an affirmative defense and, as such, the burden of proving
that the exemption applies lies with its proponent.
In re: Hecla Mining Co., Lucky Friday Mine,   NPDES Appeal Nos. 03-10 and 06-
05 (EPA Oct. 31, 2006)—Environmental Appeals Board upholds effluent limits
and testing requirements in an NPDES permit for wastewater discharges from
the mine.
In  re:  Scituate  Wastewater  Treatment  Plant,    NPDES  Appeal  No.  04-17  (EPA
Apr. 19,  2006)—Environmental  Appeals  Board  upholds  NPDES  permit
establishing new, more stringent limits for copper, nickel, and zinc discharged
from wastewater treatment.

Wastewater Guidance Document Collection

The following EPA guidance documents were added in March 2010:

Stormwater Wet Pond and Wetland Management Guidebook  —This guidebook
has  been  developed  to  help  communities  develop  an  integrated  storm  water
management system that includes proper maintenance of existing wet ponds and
wetlands, the exploration of retrofit opportunities, as well as the implementation
of micro-treatment practices and low-impact development design principles.
Developing Your Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan: A Guide for Industrial
Operators  —The guide should be used by operators of industrial facilities required
to develop a storm water pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) that complies with a
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) industrial storm water
permit issued by the state or U.S. EPA.
Industrial Stormwater Monitoring and Sampling Guide  —A how-to primer for industrial
facility  operators  on  how  to  conduct visual  and  analytical  monitoring  of  storm
water discharges.
Technical Guidance on Implementing the Stormwater Runoff Requirements for
Federal Projects under Section 438 of the Energy Independence and Security
Act  —Guidance to help federal agencies maintain pre-development site hydrology
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by  retaining  rainfall  onsite  through  infiltration,  evaporation/transpiration,  and
reuse to the same extent as occurred prior to development.

Water Quality Guidance Document Collection

The following EPA guidance documents were added in March 2010:

Complying with the Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfection Byproducts Rule: Small
Entity Compliance Guide  —This guide is designed for owners and operators of
small community water systems and non-transient non-community water systems
serving fewer than 10,000 people that are required to comply with the Stage 2
Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (Stage 2 DBPR).
Simultaneous Compliance Guidance Manual for the Long Term 2 and Stage 2
DBP Rules  —The purpose of this guidance manual is to help water systems and
their regulators identify and mitigate potential simultaneous compliance issues
that  may  arise  when  systems make  changes  to  comply  with  the  LT2ESWTR
and/or  the Stage 2  DBPR.  The manual  lists  possible  ways  that  simultaneous
compliance issues could be addressed.
Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule, Operational Evaluation
Guidance  Manual  —This  manual  is  intended  to  provide  guidance  to  water
systems on identifying total trihalomethanes (TTHM) and haloacetic acids (five)
(HAA5) peaks and conducting operational evaluations to determine the cause(s)
of and reduce such peaks, and to help states implement the Stage 2 operational
evaluation requirements and review operational evaluation reports.
Stage  2 Disinfectants  and  Disinfection Byproducts Rule  Consecutive Systems
Guidance  Manual  —The  intent  of  this  manual  is  to  help  consecutive  systems
understand  and  meet  the  requirements  of  the  Stage  2  Disinfectants  and
Disinfection Byproducts Rule (DBPR).
Revised State Implementation Guidance for the Public Notification (PN) Rule  —
This document provides guidance to states and EPA regions concerning how
EPA interprets the Public Notification (PN) Rule, and provides guidance to the
public  and  the  regulated  community  on  how  EPA  intends  to  exercise  its
discretion in implementing the statute and regulations.
Public Notification Handbook for Transient Noncommunity Water Systems  —The
purpose of this handbook is to explain EPA’s Public Notification (PN) Rule and
provide specific examples of public notices, and is designed to meet the specific
needs of transient noncommunity water systems that must issue a notice when
faced with a violation or situation affecting their water supply.
Revised  Public  Notification  Handbook  —The  purpose  of  this  handbook  is  to
explain EPA’s Public Notification (PN) Rule and provide examples of effective
public notices, and this handbook updates the March 2007 version (EPA-816-R-
07-003).

Business and the Environment

The  March  2010  issue  of   Business  and  the  Environment    newsletter  included  the
following articles on sustainable development and climate change:

Focus Report
Wastewater Utility Achieves a Milestone

Perspectives
Forget the Tiger — Put Some Algae in Your Tank

Corporate Reporting
CSR Case Studies as Reporting Tools
PGI Releases First Report

Corporate Initiatives
Climate Change Risks Are on the SEC’s Radar Screen
Garbage Truck Drivers Aid Police
Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency

Product Stewardship and Takeback
E-Waste in Medals: a Small Victory at 2010 Olympics
Australian Government Supports National E-Waste Program

ISO Update
Denver’sAirportLandsISO14001,Part1

Climate Change Update
Lawsuits Challenge EPA Endangerment Finding
Climate Science Roundup, Part 3