Majority of U.S. employees do not believe their employers’ well-being initiatives meet their needs

Nearly three-quarters (72 percent) of U.S. employers aim to improve their health and well-being strategies and programs over the next three years to differentiate themselves from organizations with which they compete for talent. This is up from the 18 percent that say they do so now, according to the 22nd annual Best Practices in Health Care Employer Survey by Willis Towers Watson. However, they have work to do: Findings of this employer survey and a concurrent employee survey reveal a sizable disconnect between employers and employees on the effectiveness of their current programs.
While more than half (56 percent) of employers believe their current health and well-being programs encourage employees to live a healthier lifestyle, according to the Willis Towers Watson 2017 Global Benefits Attitudes Survey, just 32 percent of employees agree. With regard to well-being initiatives specifically, a majority (61 percent) of employees say their employers’ programs do not meet their needs. When it comes to whether core medical plans meet employee needs, the gap is smaller (81 percent of employers believe they do compared with 66 percent of employees). In addition, on the topic of whether employers should take an active role in encouraging employees to live healthy lifestyles, nearly nine out of 10 employers (87 percent) say they should, compared with 54 percent of employees.
“Our research shows that there is considerable opportunity for employers to improve their health and well-being programs in the eyes of employees,” said Shelly Wolff, a senior health care consultant at Willis Towers Watson. “Not only is there a gap between employers’ and employees’ perceptions of the effectiveness of existing programs, there is also disagreement over how involved employers should be in encouraging employees to make lifestyle changes to improve their health. Employers that listen to their employees and formulate strategies that take their needs into account will have the most success re-designing existing programs and introducing new ones.”

Employers step up efforts to improve all four components of well-being.

To escalate efforts to support employee well-being, employers report that over the next three years they will focus on all four components of well-being, including physical, emotional, social and financial well-being. Of these, after physical health, emotional well-being is emerging as the number one priority: Nearly six times the number of employers (71 percent) expect to take steps to improve employees’ emotional well-being over the next three years, compared with 12 percent today. Employers plan to start by redesigning existing employee assistance programs (EAPs): 25 percent have already done so; 14 percent plan to in 2018, and 23 percent are considering it for 2019. Other ways employers plan to improve employee emotional well-being are:

  • Assessing policies and procedures for response to workplace behavioral health emergencies, such as suicide or violence: 37 percent of employers have already done so; 6 percent are planning it for 2018, and 15 percent are considering it for 2019.
  • Developing a companywide behavioral health strategy or action plan: 21 percent of employers have already done so; 13 percent are planning it for 2018, and 23 percent are considering it for 2019.
  • Implementing programs to address specific chronic behavioral health conditions, such as depression and autism: 30 percent of employers have already done so; 6 percent are planning it for 2018, and 19 percent are considering it for 2019.
  • Offering training and coaching to managers to help them identify emotional health issues, stress and life events that can impact work performance: 21 percent of employers have already done so; 11 percent are planning it for 2018, and 19 percent are considering it for 2019.

Regarding employers’ plans to increase support for the remaining components of well-being over the next three years, dramatic shifts are expected to continue: 84 percent of employers plan steps to improve employees’ physical well-being, up from 27 percent today; 66 percent are increasing support to improve financial well-being, up from 16 percent; and 49 percent expect to encourage improved social well-being, up from 12 percent.
“Employers know that healthier and financially secure employees are also more productive employees,” said Julie Stone, a national health care practice leader at Willis Towers Watson. “However, as they focus more deeply on employee well-being, they are finding other factors such as workplace stress, anxiety, depression and substance abuse are affecting many employees. While it’s good news that employers are more committed than ever to identifying and managing stress and behavioral health issues in their workforce, the challenges of building a culture of well-being in their organizations can be overwhelming.
“With 44 percent of employers saying they do not have a formally articulated health and well-being strategy in place today, most will have to move quickly over the next three years to reach the goal of creating an advantage in the competition for talent,” added Stone. “It’s important for employers to start with a holistic, integrated strategy to guide the development of programs across all four dimensions of well-being—physical, emotional, financial and social—for a healthy, high-performing workforce.”

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