Percentage of uninsured declined in 2015

The percentage of individuals without health insurance coverage for the entire 2015 calendar year declined from 10.4 percent in 2014 to 9.1 percent in 2015, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey, Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015, noted that the number of people without health insurance declined to 29.0 million from 33.0 million over the period.

The Census Bureau noted that over time, changes in the rate of health insurance coverage and the distribution of coverage types may reflect economic trends, shifts in the demographic composition of the population, and policy changes that impact access to health care. Several such policy changes occurred in 2014, when many provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) went into effect.

The survey found the following:

• Employment-based insurance covered the most people (55.7 percent of the population), followed by Medicaid (19.6 percent), Medicare (16.3 percent), direct-purchase (16.3 percent) and military health care (4.7 percent).

• In 2015, the uninsured rate for children younger than age 19 was 5.3 percent, down from 6.2 percent in 2014. In 2015, the uninsured rate for children younger than age 19 in poverty (7.5 percent) was higher than the uninsured rate for children not in poverty (4.8 percent).

• In 2015, non-Hispanic whites had the lowest uninsured rate among race and Hispanic origin groups, at 6.7 percent. The uninsured rates for blacks and Asians were higher than for non-Hispanic whites, at 11.1 percent and 7.5 percent, respectively. Hispanics had the highest uninsured rate in 2015, at 16.2 percent.

• The state with the lowest percentage of people without health insurance in 2015 was Massachusetts (2.8 percent), while the highest uninsured rate was for Texas (17.1 percent)

SOURCE: Census Bureau report, Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015, September 13, 2016.

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